Download 1973 Constitution Of Pakistan In Urdu Pdf
After the presidential election held in 2008, Asif Ali Zardari lobbied for constitutional amendment to restore the Constitution as it was in 1973. In 2010, the Parliament unanimously and with a large majority, passed the eighteenth amendment of the constitution. It revoked the presidential powers and changed Pakistan from a semi-presidential system of government to a parliamentary republic, with great hopes of governmental stability in the future.
Download 1973 Constitution Of Pakistan In Urdu Pdf
In the constitution making processes in the three constituent assemblies of Pakistan (1947-1954, 1955-1956, 1972-1973), producing the 1956 and (current) 1973 constitutions, the Islamic character of the state and federalism were the two vexatious questions that prevented the forging of consensus amongst ethnonational groups on constitutional design of the instruments that have governed the polity thus far.
Members of the constituent assembly (1972-1973) that drafted the current constitution were elected in 1970 when the country was still united. The secession of East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) in 1971 altered the political landscape of the country in fundamental ways. Nevertheless, no fresh elections were held and members elected from West Pakistan in the 1970 elections formed the constituent assembly for Pakistan.
The constitution of Pakistan 1973 passed the National Assembly on 10th April 1973 and the President of Assembly authenticated it on 12th April 1973. Assembly published the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Many amendments have been made therein and it has become necessary and expedient that an up-to-date and authentic version of this Constitution.The most comprehensive and up-to-date application, containing a complete list of articles and amendments from 1962 to January 2016 (regularly updated).This application provides all the basic features like viewing, searching and sharing the information with a very minimalistic UI design. The app will be regularly updated in accordance with the newly added amendments in the constitution.With this app constitution of Pakistan in Urdu in your smart phones, you can look up for the references stated by politicians, anchors or judges in news, talk shows and courtrooms. You can read the detailed article which is being discussed in the news or at your home.Learn about your rights being a Pakistani citizen, as stated in the constitution. Take a minute and read the articles of the constitution which empower the common people.So after reading this people of Pakistan know about their basic right. It helps you to spend batter life.Features:Complete list of Chapters/ArticlesUp-to-date Amendments (latest)Chapter/Article wise viewSearch capabilityShare as ImageSmooth User InterfaceWe hope so Constitution of Pakistan in Urdu, really help you to improve your life. Don't forget to share it with your friends and family.ByDeen-E-Haq
The constitution of Pakistan 1973 passed the National Assembly on 10th April 1973 and the President of Assembly authenticated it on 12th April 1973. Assembly published the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Many amendments have been made therein and it has become necessary and expedient that an up-to-date and authentic version of this Constitution.
The dismemberment of Pakistan discredited both the civil bureaucracy and the army, General Yahya Khan was left no choice but to hand all power over to the Pakistan's People's Party (PPP) who saw the formation of a representative led by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Bhutto's electoral strength, however, was confined to the Punjab and Sind, and even there it had not been based on solid political party organization. This, together with the PPP's lack of following in the North-West Frontier Province and Baluchistan, meant that Bhutto could not work the central apparatus without at least the implicit support of the civil bureaucracy and the military high command. The 1973 constitution made large concessions to the non-Punjabi provinces and provided the blueprint for a political system based on the semblance of a national consensus. But Bhutto failed to implement the federal provisions of the constitution. He relied on the coercive arm of the state to snuff out political opposition and by neglecting to build the PPP as a truly popular national party. The gap between his popular rhetoric and the marginal successes of his somewhat haphazard economic reforms prevented Bhutto form consolidating a social base of support. Thus, despite a temporary loss of face in 1971 the civil bureaucracy and the army remained the most important pillars of the state structure, instead of the citizens of Pakistan who were still struggling to be recognized in the democratic process. Although Bhutto's PPP won the 1977 elections, the Pakistan National Alliance-a nine-party coalition-charged him with rigging the vote. Violent urban unrest gave the army under General Zia-ul Haq the pretext to make a powerful comeback to the political arena, and on July 5, 1977 Pakistan was placed under military rule yet again and the 1973 Constitution was suspended.
Upon assuming power General Zia banned all political parties and expressed his determination to recast the Pakistani state and society into an Islamic mold. In April 1979 Bhutto was executed on murder charges and the PPP's remaining leadership was jailed or exiled. By holding nonparty elections and initiating a series of Islamization policies, Zia sought to create a popular base of support in the hope of legitimizing the role of the military in Pakistani politics. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979 caused Zia's regime to receive international support as a stable government bordering Soviet territory. Although Pakistan had now formally disentangled its self from both SEATO and CENTO and joined the nonaligned movement, was regarded by the West as an important front-line state and is a major recipient of American military and financial aid. Despite a string of statistics advertising the health of the economy, murmurs of discontent, though muffled, continued to be heard. On December 30, 1985, after confirming his own position in a controversial "Islamic" referendum, completing a fresh round of nonparty elections of the provincial and national assemblies, and introducing a series of amendments to the 1973 constitution, Zia finally lifted martial law and announced the dawn of a new democratic era in Pakistan.
President Zia first initiative was to introduce amendments to the 1973 constitution that would secure his power over the parliamentary system. The eighth amendment turned out to be the most detrimental to the people's faith in the democratic system. Now the president could possess complete control and power to take any step, which he felt was necessary to secure national integrity. For the next twelve years the presidents used this amendment to expel a number of prime ministers from their post, mainly due to either personal struggles or insecurity over shift in power.
The first constitution was promulgated in 1956, the second in 1962, and the third and current constitution in 1973. As per the date of their promulgation, they are called the 1956 constitution, the 1962 constitution, and the 1973 Constitution respectively.
When Bhutto came to power in 1971, his government promulgated the 1973 constitution with the complete consent of the opposition parties. Despite military coups and a number of amendments by military rulers, the 1973 constitution stills act as the constitution of Pakistan.
The US Congress understands this, this is why elected legislatures have been so reluctant to alter the constitution and have instead, relied on individual states to govern particular matters to keep the textual legislative cycle ticking. Whereas, every elected Pakistani legislature that takes control of the Majlis-e-Shoora tries to leave its own legislative footprint on the 1973 Constitution.